Ordinary people may not be interested in what we call post-behaviouralism or behaviouralism. Therefore, the behaviouralists believe in integrated approach and for this purpose the political scientists have to study other social sciences like sociology, history, economics, anthropology etc.
Post Behaviourailsts wanted that research should be future oriented. Stress on Action Science: While behaviouralism heavily emphasised the methods and techniques and neglected many burning questions of the present-day society.
It has no intention to go back to an imaginary golden age of political science and research. Several factors have contributed to the emergence of post-behaviouralism and one such factor is the change in interest of behaviouralists.
We have already noted that post-behaviouralism is future-oriented; it has an ambition and wants to lead political science to a particular direction. Now, being impelled by new circumstances, he has shifted his attention from behaviouralism to post-behaviouralism and here he wants to convince us that this new concept carries with it sufficient amount of relevance which he calls credo of relevance.
Counter-cultural movement found an important place in political science and this sizeably changed the mood of many. Similarly, from the S. According to them; political scientists should bring new needed changes in political and social fields as leader. But for a proper and balanced analysis it is essential that both empirical and scientific research as well as value added analysis shall be combined together.
David Easton has enumerated some basic features of post-behaviouralism. In this regard David Easton observes: Post Behaviouralism wants to retain Empirical Methodology but want to benefit both from the traditional value laden approach and behavioural empirical approach. Intellectual must enjoy sufficient freedom of inquiry and that shall be employed for social change and development.
They laid stress on inter-disciplinary research and use of scientific tools and techniques of research and value free study of political problems. The generalisations reached in Pol. Any-thing which cannot verified or tested can be termed only as dogmatic and not scientific. Scientific inquiry to be objective, therefore, must be value-free.
David Easton has said that political science is a subject which is enriched by continuous research and behaviouralism is a sub-subject in that continuous process. The importance and relevance of this credo has been stated by Easton in the following words: They believe in empirical or scientific results only which can be achieved after scientific verification.
Easton and other exponents of behaviouralism were of the view that the situation had arisen to revise the behaviouralism to meet the challenges that arose in the sixties. There is general view that Post Behaviourailsts did not wish to bring any new revolution.
They wanted that stress of contemporary political science should be on social change and not on social preservation. Also the state or political system is part of the process. They contend that any value which cannot be tested empirically is an ethical value.
For example, democracy, equality or freedoms are excellent values to uphold, but their truth or falsity cannot be proved in a scientific manner.
Unless that is done research will be meaningless for the society. It chiefly wants to say that society is undergoing constant changes and a suitable political research must comprehend them.
The behaviouralists of the seventies strongly felt the need to change it. Values - Keeping ethical assessment and empirical explanations distinct. According to Post Behaviourailsts the research should be relevant and purposeful for the society.
The Behaviourailsts had tried to describe and analyze facts but did not try to understand these in their broad social context. But the doctrine of post- behavioural revolution appears to embrace the above-noted crucial features of post- behaviouralism.
It was the site of discussion between traditionalist and new emerging approaches to political science. But these types of arguments were criticized by post Behaviourailsts and opined that values are inextinguishable part of the study of politics in particular and social science in general.
The western world, though possessed of enormous wealth and technical resources, yet it was moving towards increasing social conflicts and deepening fear and anxieties about the future.
Dwight Waldo has also asserted: If the intellectuals fail to do this task there will occur gross dereliction of duty on their part. Post behaviour approach Presented by-Prabhakar Jha ost behaviour approach In the mid of s, behaviourism gained a dominant position in the methodology of political science.
Relevance and action were the main slogans of post behaviourism In modern social science, behaviourism approach has shown increasing concern with problem solving of the. Post-behavioralism (or post-behaviouralism) also known as neo-behavioralism (or neo-behaviouralism) was a reaction against the dominance of behavioralist methods in the study of politics.
One of the key figures in post-behaviouralist thinking was David Easton who was originally one of the leading advocates of the "behavioral revolution".
David Easton acknowledged that the political scientists were in their ivory towers perfecting their methodology unconcerned with the normative and relevant issues that had arisen. In his speech to the American Political Science Association, he introduced them post-.
For example, David Easton has observed: "Precision in the recording of data and the statement of their findings requires tables, graphs and curves are drawn in behavioural research." Quantification in the opinion of the traditionalists, on the other hand, is an unattainable goal un-measurable and requires extremely precise concepts and matrices.
The Post Behavioural revolution was led by David Easton and some other Behaviourailsts who puts a lot of emphasis on Future Oriented and Action Oriented research. Introduction: The ’s was a turbulent period in world politics. For example, David Easton has observed: "Precision in the recording of data and the statement of their findings requires tables, graphs and curves are drawn in behavioural research." Quantification in the opinion of the traditionalists, on the other hand, is an unattainable goal un-measurable and requires extremely precise concepts and matrices.Post behavioural approach by david easton